By Arthur L. Caplan
In while medication Went Mad, one of many nation's top bioethicists-and a rare panel of specialists and focus camp survivors-examine difficulties first raised through Nazi clinical experimentation that stay tricky and suitable even at the present time. the significance of those matters to modern bioethical disputes-particularly within the thorny parts of scientific genetics, human experimentation, and euthanasia-are explored intimately and with sensitivity.
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In whilst drugs Went Mad, one of many nation's top bioethicists-and a rare panel of specialists and focus camp survivors-examine difficulties first raised by means of Nazi clinical experimentation that stay tricky and correct even this present day. the significance of those concerns to modern bioethical disputes-particularly within the thorny components of clinical genetics, human experimentation, and euthanasia-are explored intimately and with sensitivity.
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Extra info for When Medicine Went Mad: Bioethics and the Holocaust (Contemporary Issues in Biomedicine, Ethics, and Society)
Also in 1934, the German Medical Association founded a journal, Der Erbarzt (The Genetic Doctor), to help physicians determine who should be sterilized; the journal also described the latest sterilization techniques. Estimates of the total number of people sterilized in Germany range from 350,000 to 400,000. In some areas, more than 1% of the total population was sterilized. Compared with the demands of some racial hygienists this was relatively modest. Lenz, for example, had argued that as many as 10-15% of the entire population were defective and ought to be sterilized.
The agronomist Hans Hefelmann suggested exporting all Jews to Madagascar. Dr. Philip Bouhler proposed sterilizing all Jews by X-rays. Viktor Brack recommended sterilization ofthe 2-3 million Jews capable of work, who might be put to use in Germany's factories. " The ultimate decision to gas the Jews emerged from the fact that the technical apparatus already existed for the destruction of the mentally ill. In the fall of 1941, with the completion of the bulk of the euthanasia operation, the gas chambers at psychiatric hospitals were dismantled and shipped East, where they were reinstalled at Majdanek, Auschwitz, and Treblinka.
The destructive drive of Nazi ideology (religion) invaded the realm of science proper. Secrecy invited lying, and lack of discussion invited fraud. Many experimenters got carried away and forgot normal scientific practice. The anatomist Professor August Hirt, the psychiatrist Professor Carl Schneider, and the gynecologist Professor Carl Clauberg are examples of this process. Yet these medical scientists remained respected members of the German scientific establishment right up to their suicidal ends.
When Medicine Went Mad: Bioethics and the Holocaust (Contemporary Issues in Biomedicine, Ethics, and Society) by Arthur L. Caplan