Read e-book online Post-Holocaust Politics: Britain, the United States, and PDF

By Arieh J. Kochavi

ISBN-10: 0807826200

ISBN-13: 9780807826201

ISBN-10: 0807875090

ISBN-13: 9780807875094

Among 1945 and 1948, greater than 1 / 4 of 1000000 Jews fled international locations in jap Europe and the Balkans and commenced filling swiftly erected displaced folks camps in Germany and Austria. As one of many triumphant Allies, Britain needed to aid discover a answer for the majority of those refugees who refused repatriation. Drawing on huge examine in British, American, and Israeli data, Arieh Kochavi offers a accomplished research of British coverage towards Jewish displaced people and divulges the an important function the USA performed in undermining that coverage. Kochavi argues that political concerns--not human considerations--determined British coverage concerning the refugees. fearful to safe its pursuits within the center East, Britain feared its relatives with Arab countries may endure if it seemed to be too lax in thwarting Zionist efforts to carry Jewish Holocaust survivors to Palestine. within the usa, besides the fact that, the yankee Jewish neighborhood was once capable of impact presidential coverage through making its vote hinge on an answer to the displaced individuals challenge. surroundings his research opposed to the backdrop of the escalating chilly struggle, Kochavi unearths how, mockingly, the Kremlin in addition to the White residence got here to aid the Zionists' objectives, albeit for totally various purposes.

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Extra info for Post-Holocaust Politics: Britain, the United States, and Jewish Refugees, 1945-1948

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I CONFRONTING THE JEWISH DISPLACED PERSONS 1 NONREPATRIABLE DISPLACED PERSONS IN GERMANY Repatriation of the millions of displaced persons in the area that fell under the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force in Germany and Austria was high on the list of priorities of the Western powers in the immediate postwar period. S. and British governments objected to forced repatriation, except in the case of Soviet citizens. The policy led to the creation of large DP communities in Germany and brought about an increase in tension between the Soviet bloc and the Western powers.

Measures might also be necessary to protect the DPs from persecution and discrimination by   the German population. 36 As we saw, when a similar suggestion had been made by Montgomery several months earlier, London had still been hopeful that a large number of the DPs would voluntarily opt for repatriation. Integrating the DPs into the German economy was an impractical idea if only because of the already difficult economic situation and the high rate of unemployment then prevailing. 37 The DPs were obliged to compete for places of work with hundreds of thousands of Germans who had been deported from Eastern Europe.

The policy led to the creation of large DP communities in Germany and brought about an increase in tension between the Soviet bloc and the Western powers. Moscow refused to recognize the existence of a DP problem and insisted on the return of all DPs—most of whom had come from Eastern Europe—to their countries of origin. When it became clear that many DPs, given the options available, preferred to remain in the camps, the British and the Americans tried to induce them to return through a carrot-and-stick policy.

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Post-Holocaust Politics: Britain, the United States, and Jewish Refugees, 1945-1948 by Arieh J. Kochavi


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