By Steven Beller
Anti-Semitism has been a chillingly chronic presence during the final millennium, culminating nowa days within the horror of the ultimate resolution. This Very brief creation examines and untangles a few of the strands of anti-Semitism obvious all through background, revealing why hatred of the Jews seems to be so chronic via time. Steven Beller illuminates the background of the phenomenon: from medieval non secular clash, to the expansion of anti-Semitism as a political and ideological circulate within the nineteenth century, to the "new" anti-Semitism of the twenty first century, as mirrored in Holocaust denial and Islamic anti-Zionism. the writer additionally discusses the function and attitudes of key figures corresponding to Wagner, Nietzsche, and Marx, in addition to key texts reminiscent of the cast "Protocols of the Elders of Zion." in brief, this compact publication bargains an insightful account that underscores how anti-Semitism reached it its darkish apogee within the worst genocide in sleek history--the Holocaust--and the way it nonetheless persists world wide today.
The most powerful a part of Beller's ebook is his exemplary introductory bankruptcy, "What is Anti-Semitism?", which will be required analyzing for all scholars of the Nazis and the Sah, of ethnic violence and of historiography. magazine of contemporary Jewish Studies
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Extra resources for Antisemitism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
37 The Chosen People Moreover, Jews continued to maintain their own religious identity, and the newly prosperous, integrated, and acculturated modern Jewish communities, in Berlin, Vienna, Budapest, Breslau, and elsewhere reconﬁrmed this religious identity in dramatic, concrete terms, in majestic ‘temples’, often in ‘Orientalist’ Moorish style that looked back to the idyllic age of medieval Sephardic Jewry, that dominated their immediate urban landscape. Religious identity was thus not merely a ‘private’ matter, and even if Jews were attending services reformed along Protestant lines, as good German bourgeois, they were attending their own separate and different ‘church’.
Culturally and politically, this emancipatory tradition provided Jews with an overall proﬁle that differed quite markedly from the non-Jewish part of German and Austrian society, and produced an identiﬁable Jewish ‘sub-culture’ in German Central European society. Jews did not ‘disappear’ into German and Austrian society as had been predicted. In retrospect, this Jewish ‘difference’, socially, culturally, and economically, might have been expected, and somewhat similar social and economic patterns were evident in Western European countries as well.
In Central Europe, the birthplace of modern antisemitism, the situation was obviously less favourable to pro-Jewish attitudes. Parts of Germany so embraced the antisemitic message that they returned antisemitic deputies to the German parliament, and 19th-century German high culture was deeply inﬂuenced by the 16 tradition of Jew-hatred, especially its high priest, Richard Wagner, who was truly antisemitic avant la lettre. The prevalence of ethnonationalist thinking among Germans, but also among Czech and Polish nationalists, also allowed Jew-hatred to facilitate the growth of antisemitism.
Antisemitism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) by Steven Beller