By George E. Marcus
Utilizing cultural anthropology to investigate debates that reverberate through the human sciences, George E. Marcus and Michael M. J. Fischer glance heavily at cultural anthropology's prior accomplishments, its present predicaments, its destiny path, and the insights it has to supply different fields of analysis. the result's a provocative paintings that's vital for students attracted to a severe method of social technological know-how, artwork, literature, and background, in addition to anthropology. This moment variation considers new demanding situations to the sphere that have arisen because the book's unique book.
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Extra info for Anthropology as Cultural Critique: An Experimental Moment in the Human Sciences
For better and for worse, individualism is here to stay, the master trend of modern times. The term individualism is too general to accurately describe how this perspective shapes people's attitudes and behavior. The individuality of Americans under the age of 50 is more accurately described by the term free agent. In baseball, basketball, and football, free agents are players who negotiate their contracts as individuals rather than as part of a team. Today there are more free agents off the playing fields than on them.
The reason for this paradox, according to sociologists, is too much choice. Couples know they have the option of divorce, and this makes marriage more ten- 52 Chapter 10 uous. Without a life-Iong commitment, husbands and wives do not work as hard at pleasing one another, and marriages become less satisfying. Free agents may demand choice, but they can't demand happy marriages. Middle-aged baby boomers are searching for values, but as free agents, they're not sure they can live with them. Their ambivalence puts American society on a collision course between individual rights and responsibilities.
The same pattern is true in many European countries as well. In Switzerland, households spend 14 percent of their budgets on leisure, 19 percent on food, and 16 percent on housing. In the United Kingdom, 10 percent of the household budget goes for leisure, another 10 percent is devoted to housing, and 13 percent to food. Together, these two indicators-the percentage of women partidpating in the labor force and the percentage of income spent on leisure-reveal the countries where individualism is the dominant value.
Anthropology as Cultural Critique: An Experimental Moment in the Human Sciences by George E. Marcus