By Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh
The e-book specializes in geological historical past because the severe consider opting for the current biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. the various riding mechanisms for panorama evolution are explored through reviewing the background of the Amazonian Craton, the linked sedimentary basins, and the function of mountain uplift and weather switch.
This e-book provdes an perception into the Meso- and Cenozoic list of Amazonia that was once characterised by way of fluvial and long-lived lake structures and a hugely varied wildlife. This fauna comprises giants equivalent to the ca. 12 m lengthy caiman Purussaurus, but in addition a various fish fauna and fragile molluscs, when fossil pollen and spores shape relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests.
ultimately, a assessment the molecular datasets of the trendy Amazonian rainforest and aquatic environment, discussing the prospective family among the beginning of Amazonian species range and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South the United States. The multidisciplinary strategy in comparing the historical past of Amazonia has led to a entire quantity that offers novel insights into the evolution of this region.Content:
Chapter One advent: Amazonia, panorama and Species Evolution (pages 1–6): Carina Hoorn and Frank P. Wesselingh
Chapter Geological Evolution of the Amazonian Craton (pages 7–28): Salomon B. Kroonenberg and Emond W. F. de Roever
Chapter 3 The Paleozoic Solimoes and Amazonas Basins and the Acre Foreland Basin of Brazil (pages 29–37): Joaquim Ribeiro Wanderley?Filho, Jaime Fernandes Eiras, Paulo Roberto da Cruz Cunha and Paulus H. van der Ven
Chapter 4 Tectonic heritage of the Andes and Sub?Andean Zones: Implications for the improvement of the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 38–60): Andres Mora, Patrice child, Martin Roddaz, Mauricio Parra, Stephane Brusset, Wilber Hermoza and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter 5 Cenozoic Sedimentary Evolution of the Amazonian Foreland Basin procedure (pages 61–88): Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza, Andres Mora, Patrice child, Mauricio Parra, Frederic Christophoul, Stephane Brusset and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter Six The Nazca Ridge and Uplift of the Fitzcarrald Arch: Implications for nearby Geology in Northern South the United States (pages 89–100): Nicolas Espurt, Patrice child, Stephane Brusset, Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza and Jocelyn Barbarand
Chapter Seven The Amazonian Craton and its impression on prior Fluvial platforms (Mesozoic?Cenozoic, Amazonia) (pages 101–122): Carina Hoorn, Martin Roddaz, Rodolfo Dino, Emilio Soares, Cornelius Uba, Diana Ochoa?Lozano and Russell Mapes
Chapter eight the advance of the Amazonian Mega?Wetland (Miocene; Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia) (pages 123–142): Carina Hoorn, Frank P. Wesselingh, Jussi Hovikoski and Javier Guerrero
Chapter nine Marine impact in Amazonia: facts from the Geological list (pages 143–161): Jussi Hovikoski, Frank P. Wesselingh, Matti Rasanen, Murray Gingras and Hubert B. Vonhof
Chapter 10 Megafan Environments in Northern South the USA and their effect on Amazon Neogene Aquatic Ecosystems (pages 162–184): M. Justin Wilkinson, Larry G. Marshall, John G. Lundberg and Mikhail H. Kreslavsky
Chapter eleven Long?Term panorama improvement techniques in Amazonia (pages 185–197): Georg Irion and Risto Kalliola
Chapter Twelve weather edition in Amazonia in the course of the Neogene and the Quaternary (pages 199–210): Hubert B. Vonhof and Ron J.G. Kaandorp
Chapter 13 Modelling the reaction of Amazonian weather to the Uplift of the Andean Mountain variety (pages 211–222): Pierre Sepulchre, Lisa C. Sloan and Frederic Fluteau
Chapter Fourteen smooth Andean Rainfall version in the course of ENSO Cycles and its impression at the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 223–241): Bodo Bookhagen and Manfred R. Strecker
Chapter 15 A evaluation of Tertiary Mammal Faunas and Birds from Western Amazonia (pages 243–258): Francisco Ricardo Negri, Jean Bocquentin?Villanueva, Jorge Ferigolo and Pierre?Olivier Antoine
Chapter sixteen Neogene Crocodile and Turtle Fauna in Northern South the USA (pages 259–280): Douglas Riff, Pedro Seyferth R. Romano, Gustavo Ribeiro Oliveira and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 17 The Amazonian Neogene Fish Fauna (pages 281–301): John G. Lundberg, Mark H. Sabaj Perez, Wasila M. Dahdul and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 18 Amazonian Aquatic Invertebrate Faunas (Mollusca, Ostracoda) and their improvement during the last 30 Million Years (pages 302–316): Frank P. Wesselingh and Maria?Ines F. Ramos
Chapter 19 The starting place of the trendy Amazon Rainforest: Implications of the Palynological and Palaeobotanical list (pages 317–334): Carlos Jaramillo, Carina Hoorn, Silane A. F. Silva, Fatima Leite, Fabiany Herrera, Luis Quiroz, Rodolfo Dino and Luzia Antonioli
Chapter 20 Biotic improvement of Quaternary Amazonia: A Palynological standpoint (pages 335–345): Hermann Behling, Mark Bush and Henry Hooghiemstra
Chapter 21 Contribution of present and ancient strategies to styles of Tree variety and Composition of the Amazon (pages 347–359): Hans ter Steege
Chapter 22 Composition and variety of Northwestern Amazonian Rainforests in a Geoecological Context (pages 360–372): Joost F. Duivenvoorden and Alvaro J. Duque
Chapter 23 Diversification of the Amazonian plant life and its Relation to key Geological and Environmental occasions: A Molecular point of view (pages 373–385): R. Toby Pennington and Christopher W. Dick
Chapter 24 Molecular reviews and Phylogeography of Amazonian Tetrapods and their Relation to Geological and Climatic types (pages 386–404): Alexandre Antonelli, Adrian Quijada?Mascarenas, Andrew J. Crawford, John M. Bates, Paul M. Velazco and Wolfgang Wuster
Chapter 25 Molecular Signatures of Neogene Biogeographical occasions within the Amazon Fish Fauna (pages 405–417): Nathan R. Lovejoy, Stuart C. Willis and James S. Albert
Chapter 26 at the starting place of Amazonian Landscapes and Biodiversity: A Synthesis (pages 419–431): Frank P. Wesselingh, Carina Hoorn, Salomon B. Kroonenberg, Alexandre Antonelli, John G. Lundberg, Hubert B. Vonhof and Henry Hooghiemstra
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The e-book makes a speciality of geological heritage because the serious consider picking the current biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. different using mechanisms for panorama evolution are explored by means of reviewing the heritage of the Amazonian Craton, the linked sedimentary basins, and the position of mountain uplift and weather switch.
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Additional info for Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past
Amazonian climate Although palaeoclimatic data are hard to obtain, isotope data from fossil molluscs and cyclicity in the sediment beds indicate that the modern Amazonian hydrological cycle, which ensures the yearround wet conditions that sustain the rainforests, was in place in the Miocene (see Chapter 12). Experimental climate modelling for a low-elevation Andes and the effect on Amazonian climate is explored by Sepulchre et al. in Chapter 13. Based on their model, the role of the Andes in maintaining permanent wet conditions in the lowlands is seemingly less prominent than one would expect.
In this book we review the Mesozoic and Cenozoic cratonic fluvial systems by comparing four different fluvial formations that range in age from Cretaceous to Late Neogene (see Chapter 7). From the Oligocene onwards Andean-driven depositional systems dominated the sub-Andean zone and western Amazonia. 5 million km2 during the Miocene and were characterized by very large lakes and wetlands and occasional marine influence. During the Early and Middle Miocene a lakeand wetland-dominated system occurs (Pebas phase) whereas in the Late Miocene the newly formed Amazon River introduces a fluvial element into this otherwise wetland-dominated system (Acre phase) (see Chapter 8).
Acad. Sci. Paris 312, 673–678. Antonelli, A. (2008) Spatiotemporal evolution of Neotropical organisms: new insights into an old riddle. Doctoral thesis. University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden, 84 pp. J. (2007) Special issue: Conservation and Biogeography of Amazonia. J Biogeog 34, 1289. , Flenley, J. (2006) Tropical Rainforest Responses to Climatic Change. Springer. , De Oliveira, Bush, M. (2000) Amazonian and Neotropical plant communities on glacial time-scales: The failure of the aridity and refuge hypothesis.
Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past by Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh