By Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AI
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Extra resources for AIDS Epidemic Update (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS)
The proportion of AIDS cases attributed to men who have sex with men was reported to be 21% in 2000. A review of HIV epidemiology in Morocco similarly found that sexual transmission between men accounted for over 7% of cumulative cases of HIV infection in the previous decade. Up-to-date surveillance and behavioural data have been scant, though steps to remedy the situation are now being taken in much of the region. countries (notably Iran and Libya) appear more willing to acknowledge and tackle epidemics associated with injecting drug use.
Where treatment is unavailable, there may be little incentive for individuals to discover their HIV status—all the more so if the likely outcome is rejection and discrimination if they are found to be HIV-positive. Increased access to treatment is one of the most powerful incentives for individuals to learn their HIV status. And the prospect of a longer, more productive life for individuals encourages communities to reassess the way they relate to people living with HIV, creating a sense of hope and reducing the anxieties that can trigger stigma.
In Europe, 30 just over 10% of newly diagnosed HIV cases in 2002 were caused by injecting drug use, although, in Portugal, this mode of transmission caused almost half the total HIV infections in 2002. ) These patterns underscore the need for prevention (and treatment) programmes that reach injecting drug users—including those in prisons and those who belong to marginalized minorities. In Canada, for example, aboriginal persons are overrepresented among injecting drug users. AIDS epidemic update: December 2003 DEFUSING STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATION Stigma and discrimination both stymie efforts to control the global epidemic and create an ideal climate for further growth.
AIDS Epidemic Update (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS) by Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AI