By Joanna Boestel, Visit Amazon's Penelope Francks Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Penelope Francks, , Choo Hyop Kim
A comparative research which describes and analyses the contribution of agriculture to the economies of East Asia. beforehand, little consciousness has been paid to the rural quarter which really underpins business and advertisement improvement. lately, this zone has turn into the point of interest of more and more sour financial disputes, specially over security and using import price lists.
A comparative framework is used, using case reports from Japan, Taiwan and South Korea to spotlight either the typical features of agriculture's function in East Asian improvement, and contours specific to the political economic system of agriculture in each one nation.
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Extra info for Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan
Through the 1960s and 1970s, as technological capacity increased and wages in due course began to rise, investment shifted towards more capital-intensive and technologically sophisticated lines of production, so that, by the 1980s, in terms of income per capita and the scale and productivity of industrial activity, both countries were deemed to have joined the developed world. Thus, Japan, and even more so Taiwan and Korea, achieved the transformation from predominantly agricultural to predominantly industrial economies in unprecedentedly short periods of time and agriculture’s involvement in and subsequent adjustment to the growth of the industrial sector—processes which had evolved over, in some cases, generations in Europe—were compressed into decades in East Asia.
Why did such resource transfer as occurred apparently not result in the kinds of dualism, inequality and general neglect of agriculture that have beset other developing countries pursuing different paths to industrialisation? In particular, how did the small, rice-cultivating family farm survive within its network of village-level co-operative organisations? As is the case with East Asian industrialisation, there are those who would argue that the real keys to success lay in developments prior to the rapid growth phases—in agri-culture’s case, these would include previous investment in the irrigation infrastructure, the accumulation of technological knowledge, the post-war land reforms, and so on—and that the distinctive preconditions to East Asia’s rapid growth nullify any general conclusions which might be drawn from their experience.
Second, the East Asian countries stand out as economies whose development has hinged crucially on relations with the outside world. All are resource-poor and heavily dependent on imported raw materials. For Taiwan and Korea, with their relatively small home markets, exports have represented a vital source of demand, with at times as much as half of Taiwan’s output being sold abroad. ForJapan, exports have generally generated a much smaller proportion of GNP but nonetheless constitute a highly important market for significant sections ofJapanese industry.
Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan by Joanna Boestel, Visit Amazon's Penelope Francks Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Penelope Francks, , Choo Hyop Kim