By Larry M. Hyman
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Additional info for A Theory of phonological wieght
There seems to be a fundamental conflict here. Character evidence is one of the most important elements in everyday life argumentation and in business, and does seem to be predictive. Yet, as we have seen, the rules of evidence ban character evidence if used to prove conduct in a specific instance. Even so, the law itself seems conflicted, because of exceptions to that rule. In many a trial, the issue of whether character evidence should be deemed relevant has been highly contested. In the televised criminal trial of O.
723): “While it may be true that only one in a thousand men who physically abuse their wives goes on to kill her, if a wife is found murdered and the husband is suspect, the evidence of abuse is certainly worth considering”. Predictively, the argument from the premise of known abuse to the conclusion of murder may be weak. But as one bit of evidence in a case where the wife has been found murdered and the husband is suspect, the same argument retroductively (going from the known facts as premises back to a conclusion about something that supposedly happened in the past) is definitely relevant and important.
The aim of the analysis advanced in this book is to get beyond this apparently individualistic approach by providing a framework in which the evidential backing needed to support one judgment of character as opposed to another, is shown to have a logical structure. At present there is no known logical method of criticizing the extremes of panegyric and character assassination, when trying to evaluate ethical conclusions that have been arrived at about a person’s character. Neither panegyric nor character assassination can really be refuted or criticized on any basis that has a clear epistemological structure.
A Theory of phonological wieght by Larry M. Hyman