Read e-book online A Short Grammar of East Circassian (Kabardian) PDF

By Ranko Matasović

This grammar could be used with a few warning, not just since it was once written through a linguist who's faraway from being a fluent speaker of Kabardian. it truly is mostly compilatory in nature, and lots of examples have been drawn from the present works on Kabardian by way of M. L. Abitov, Mukhadin Kumakhov, and others. even if, i've got additionally excerpted and analyzed many sentences from the literature, specifically from the Nart corpus (Nārtxar, 1951, Nārtxar, 2001), and a few examples have been elicited from local audio system. even if i've got relied seriously at the released scholarly works on Kabardian, my interpretations of the information are often very various from these within the to be had literature. i've got attempted to technique the Kabardian language from a typological perspective, evaluating its linguistic gains, that can look unusual to audio system of Indo-European languages, to related positive factors present in different languages of the area.

Show description

Read or Download A Short Grammar of East Circassian (Kabardian) PDF

Best linguistics books

New PDF release: The World's Major Languages

This quantity beneficial properties over 50 of the world's languages and language households. The featured languages were selected in response to the variety of audio system, their function as respectable languages and their cultural and old value. every one language is checked out intensive, and the chapters offer info on either grammatical good points and on salient positive aspects of the language's historical past and cultural function.

This moment version has been up-to-date and revised. new languages, Amharic and Javanese, were incorporated.

This obtainable quantity will entice an individual with an curiosity in linguistics.

Key features:
<UL> * Attention is paid to either grammatical and sociolinguistic beneficial properties
* recognition is targeted at the world's significant languages
* Designed to be obtainable to all readers with an curiosity in language.
</UL>

New PDF release: Modern Spanish grammar

This new version of the trendy Spanish Grammar: a pragmatic advisor is an cutting edge reference advisor to Spanish, combining conventional and function-based grammar in one quantity. The Grammar is split into components. half A covers conventional grammatical different types corresponding to notice order, nouns, verbs and adjectives.

Validation in Language Assessment: selected papers from the by Antony John Kunnan PDF

Validation in Language review contributes to the diversity of validation techniques and analytical and interpretive options just recently followed through language evaluation researchers. that includes chosen papers from the seventeenth Language trying out learn Colloquium, the quantity provides various techniques with a world point of view on validation in language evaluate.

Additional resources for A Short Grammar of East Circassian (Kabardian)

Example text

Pś'ək'wəz "eleven", pś'ək'wət' "twelve", pśək'wəś "thirteen", etc. The tens are formed on a decimal base, with the numeral "ten" reduced to -ś': t'waś' "twenty", śaś "thirty", pł'əś' "forty", txwəś' "fifty", xəś' "sixty", etc. There are traces of the vigesimal system, manifested in the formation of tens as products of multiplication of the number twenty, t'waś': t'waś'-yə-t' "forty", t'waś-yə-ś "sixty", etc. g. Besleney) and in Adyghe. -three-and "thirty three men" Ordinal numbers: япэ yāpа 1. еханэ yaxāna 6.

Poss. -neg. -af. -af. -3-NOM "And, after avoiding one another, the three brothers met on the hill" REFLEXIVITY Kabardian does not have reflexive pronouns; reflexivity is expressed by the verbal prefix za-/zə-/z-, which indicates that the subject of the action is the same as the object; from the historical point of view, this is the same prefix as the basic reciprocal prefix. Reciprocity and reflexivity are in many languages semantically and morphologically related, cf. the Croatian verbs tući se (= to hit oneself or to hit each other), gledati se (= to look at oneself or to look at each other).

Af. , in Haka-Lai, a Tibeto-Burman language (Peterson 2007). However, the difference lies in the fact that the adding of the conjunctivity prefix does not affect the transitivity of a verb, as is clear from case marking and the shape of the person markers. A related conjunctivity (comitative) prefix exists in Abkhaz (-c(ə)-). The conjunctivity/comitative applicative construction should be distinguished from the incorporation of the adverbial prefix -zəda-, -zada- "together". In Russian, this is sometimes referred to as the category of "togetherness" (sovmestnost').

Download PDF sample

A Short Grammar of East Circassian (Kabardian) by Ranko Matasović


by Ronald
4.2

Rated 4.66 of 5 – based on 33 votes