By Aaron D. Rubin
With a written background of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many international s earliest attested and longest attested households. popular family members comprise Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity offers an outline of this significant language relations, together with either old and glossy languages. After a quick advent to the heritage of the kin and its inner category, next chapters conceal issues in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes beneficial properties which are attribute of the Semitic language family members as a complete, in addition to a number of the extra awesome advancements that occur within the person languages. this gives either a typological assessment and an outline of extra distinctive gains. The chapters comprise plentiful examples from a variety of languages. all of the examples comprise morpheme through morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which help in making those examples transparent and obtainable even to these now not acquainted with a given language. Concluding the e-book is a close advisor to extra studying, which directs the reader to an important reference instruments and secondary literature, and an updated bibliography.This short advent incorporates a wealthy number of information, and covers subject matters no longer ordinarily present in brief sketches comparable to this. The readability of presentation makes it helpful not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but in addition to the overall linguist or language fanatic who needs to profit anything approximately this significant language relatives.
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Extra info for A brief introduction to the Semitic languages
In the modern period, non-Semitic lexical influence is very substantial for a number of languages. All modem Ethio pian Semitic languages have large numbers of Cushitic loans (Leslau 1988), as does Ge'ez, to some extent; many Neo-Aramaic dialects have an abundance of Kurdish loans (Khan 2004, 2008a); Maltese has a copious amount of Italian loans (Aquilina 1976); Moroccan Arabic has scores of French loans (Heath 1989); and Modem Hebrew has countless loans from English. Turkish has provided a fair number of loans into both literary and spoken Arabic, though perhaps less than one would expect, given the centuries of Ottoman dominion over most of the Arab world (Prochazka 2004).
La phrase nominale et l'evolution du systeme verbal en semitique: Etudes de syntaxe historique. Leu ven: Peeters. Cohen, David, Fran�ois Bron, and Antoine Lonnet. 1994-.
A noun with a possessive suffix is considered definite for the purposes of agreement (58). As a general tendency, agreement rules are less strict in Ethiopian Semitic. sG·NoM 'the beautiful woman' Biblical Hebrew hag-giida! SG the-big 'your big house' In many Semitic languages, a distinction is made in the agreement of attributive and predicative adjectives. , Central Semitic languages [except Neo·Aramaic] and Me· hri), predicative adjectives do not do so. Compare the following examples (59-60) with the two phrases above (57-58).
A brief introduction to the Semitic languages by Aaron D. Rubin